What is Body Composition?

The proportion of body fat, muscle, bone, and other tissues in relation to total body weight, often used to assess health and fitness.

  • Aerobic Exercise

    Physical activity that increases heart rate and breathing for an extended period, such as jogging, swimming, or cycling, to improve cardiovascular fitness.

  • Amino acids

    Building blocks of protein that are essential for numerous physiological processes, including muscle building, repair, and maintenance.

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  • Antioxidants

    Substances that protect cells from damage caused by free radicals, unstable molecules that can harm cells and contribute to various health conditions, including cancer and aging.

  • Bariatric surgery

    Surgical procedures aimed at promoting weight loss by reducing the size of the stomach or limiting the absorption of nutrients in the intestine.

  • Basal metabolic rate (BMR)

    The number of calories the body needs to perform basic functions at rest, such as breathing and maintaining body temperature.

    BMR Calculator 
  • Body composition

    The proportion of body fat, muscle, bone, and other tissues in relation to total body weight, often used to assess health and fitness.

  • Body mass index (BMI)

    A measurement of body weight in relation to height, used as an indicator of overall health and weight status

  • Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs)

    Essential amino acids, including leucine, isoleucine, and valine, commonly used as a dietary supplement to support muscle growth and recovery.

  • Calorie

    A unit of energy derived from food and beverages, used to quantify the energy content of foods and determine energy balance for weight management.

    Calorie Calculator 
  • Carbohydrates

    One of the three macronutrients, along with protein and fat, providing the body with energy, and including sources such as fruits, vegetables, grains, and sugars.

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  • Cardiovascular exercise (Cardio)

    Physical activity that increases heart rate and works the cardiovascular system, such as running, swimming, or cycling, to improve cardiovascular health.

  • Cholesterol

    A type of fat found in the blood and certain foods, necessary for various physiological processes but can contribute to heart disease when levels are too high.

  • Circuit training

    A type of exercise that combines resistance training and aerobic exercise in a circuit or series of exercises performed in succession with little to no rest.

  • Creatine

    A naturally occurring compound found in small amounts in meat and fish, commonly used as a dietary supplement to enhance athletic performance and muscle strength.

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  • Cross-training

    Engaging in a variety of different types of exercise or physical activities to promote overall fitness, prevent overuse injuries, and maintain motivation.

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  • Dietary fiber

    The indigestible portion of plant-based foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes, important for digestive health and weight management.

  • Dietary supplements

    Products that contain vitamins, minerals, herbs, enzymes, or other bioactive substances, intended to supplement the diet and support health.

  • Electrolytes

    Minerals, including sodium, potassium, and magnesium, that are essential for maintaining proper fluid balance and nerve function in the body, often lost through sweat during exercise.

  • Endurance

    The ability to sustain prolonged physical activity, such as running or cycling, without fatigue, often
    developed through regular aerobic exercise.

  • Energy expenditure

    The total number of calories burned by the body through various activities, including exercise, rest, and daily activities, influencing weight management.

  • Fad diet

    A weight loss plan or diet that becomes popular quickly but may lack scientific evidence or long-term sustainability for effective and safe weight management.

    The End Of Dieting 
  • Fat

    A type of nutrient that is a concentrated source of energy, necessary for various physiological processes, including hormone production and insulation of organs.

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  • Fatty acids

    Types of fats that play a crucial role in cellular function, including omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, which are essential fats that the body needs but cannot produce on its own.

  • Fitness

    The state of being physically and mentally fit,
    achieved through regular exercise, healthy nutrition, and overall well-being.

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  • Food diary

    A record of all food and beverages consumed in a day, used to track calorie intake, macronutrient ratios, and identify eating patterns for weight management.

  • Glycemic index (GI)

    A ranking of how quickly carbohydrates in foods raise blood sugar levels, used to manage blood sugar levels and regulate energy intake.

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  • High-intensity interval training (HIIT)

    A type of exercise that alternates between periods of high-intensity exercise and short recovery periods, known for its efficiency in burning calories and improving fitness.

  • Hormones

    Chemical messengers produced by glands in the body that regulate various physiological processes, including metabolism, appetite, and body weight.

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  • Hydration

    The process of maintaining adequate fluid levels in the body, essential for overall health, athletic performance, and weight management.

  • Ketogenic (Keto) diet

    A low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet that promotes the production of ketones as an alternative energy source, often used for weight loss and improved metabolic health.

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  • Macronutrients

    Nutrients required in large amounts by the body for energy and other physiological processes, including carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.

  • Meal prep

    The practice of planning and preparing meals in advance, often used to support healthy eating habits, portion control, and weight management.

  • Metabolism

    The chemical processes that occur in the body to convert food into energy, influencing how many calories are burned at rest and during physical activity.

  • Micronutrients

    Nutrients required in small amounts by the body for proper functioning, including vitamins and minerals.

  • Mindful eating

    The practice of paying attention to eating habits, hunger cues, and food choices without judgment, often used to develop a healthy relationship with food and prevent overeating.

    MIND Diet 
  • Multivitamin

    A dietary supplement that contains a combination of vitamins and minerals to support overall health and well-being.

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  • Nutrient density

    The concentration of essential nutrients in a food relative to its calorie content, often used to make nutrient-rich food choices for weight management.

  • Omega-3 fatty acids

    Essential fatty acids found in certain types of fish, nuts, and seeds, known for their anti-inflammatory properties and benefits for heart and brain health.

  • Overeating

    Consuming more food or calories than the body needs, often leading to weight gain and other health issues.

  • Portion control

    Managing the amount of food consumed in a meal or snack to prevent overeating and support weight management.

  • Protein

    A macronutrient necessary for building and repairing tissues, supporting immune function, and regulating various physiological processes in the body.

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  • Resistance training

    Exercise that involves using
    resistance, such as weights, resistance bands, or body weight, to build and strengthen muscles.

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  • Resting heart rate

    The number of times the heart beats per minute while at rest, often used as an indicator of cardiovascular fitness.

  • Self-care

    Taking deliberate actions to prioritize and care for one's physical, mental, and emotional well-being, including exercise, nutrition, sleep, and stress management.

  • Serving size

    The recommended amount of a food or beverage that is typically consumed in one sitting, used to determine calorie and nutrient intake.

  • Sleep hygiene

    Practices and habits that promote healthy and restful sleep, including establishing a consistent sleep schedule, creating a conducive sleep environment, and practicing relaxation techniques.

  • Sodium (Na)

    A mineral that plays a role in fluid balance, nerve function, and muscle contraction, but excessive intake can contribute to high blood pressure and other health issues.

  • Sports nutrition

    The study and application of nutrition principles for athletic performance, including optimizing fueling, hydration, and recovery strategies for athletes and active individuals.

  • Superfoods

    Nutrient-rich foods that are believed to have health benefits beyond basic nutrition, such as antioxidants, phytochemicals, and other bioactive compounds.

  • Supplements

    Products that contain vitamins, minerals, herbs, or other dietary ingredients intended to supplement the diet, often used to address nutrient deficiencies or support specific health goals.

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  • Thermogenesis

    The process of generating heat in the body, often associated with increased calorie burning and metabolism.

  • Trans fat

    A type of unhealthy fat that is artificially created through hydrogenation of oils, known to raise bad cholesterol levels and increase the risk of heart disease.

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  • Vegetarianism

    A dietary pattern that excludes meat, poultry, and fish, often chosen for ethical, environmental, or health reasons.

  • Vitamin

    Essential organic compounds required in small amounts for normal physiological functions in the body, including energy production, immune function, and bone health.

    Vitamin Collection 
  • Waist circumference

    The measurement of the waist circumference, often used as an indicator of abdominal fat and associated with increased risk of chronic diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.

  • Water retention

    The accumulation of excess fluid in body tissues, often resulting in temporary weight gain and bloating.

  • Weightlifting

    A form of resistance training that involves lifting weights to build and strengthen muscles.

  • Whole grains

    Grains that have not been refined or processed, retaining their bran, germ, and endosperm, and thus are higher in fiber, vitamins, and minerals compared to refined grains.

  • Yoga

    A physical, mental, and spiritual practice that combines postures, breathing exercises, and meditation, known for its benefits in improving flexibility, strength, relaxation, and mental well-being.

  • Zinc

    A mineral essential for immune function, wound healing, and cell growth and division, often obtained from foods such as meat, seafood, dairy, and legumes.